Manipulating directories in Linux

How to create, move, and delete directories in Linux with the mkdirmv, and rmdir commands. You’ll also learn how to copy a directory recursively and how to remove a directory that is not empty.

This tuXfile teaches you how to manipulate directories in Linux. If you’d like to learn how to manipulate files, check out the Manipulating files in Linux tuXfile.

Creating directories >

Creating a new, empty directory is very easy. You use the mkdir command:
mkdir dir1

That’s it. It’s really that easy! read more

How To Fix: Err_Cache_Miss Error

Many Chrome users see the error err_cache_miss in Google Chrome when they visit a website nowadays. Correcting this error is as simple as following a few simple steps – included in this manual.

This error simply indicates that the browser has not been able to obtain a cached copy of the page you are trying to access. You will see this error message in the browser and sometimes in the development tools area. In this article, we will discuss in detail how to fix the err_cache_miss error in Chrome. read more

What Are Vulkan RunTime Libraries

This is the question many people ask themselves when they meet Vulkan RT in their programs.

At first glance, it looks almost like a virus.

But don’t worry about it. It’s not dangerous.

Vulkan RunTime Libraries, also known as Vulkan Runtime Libraries or VulkanRT, is installed by graphics card manufacturers such as NVIDIA, Intel or AMD when your video driver is last updated. It is not malware or viruses, but a 3D graphics and computer API from the Khronos group.

The objective is to reduce overhead costs, control the GPU more directly and reduce CPU usage. You can compare it to Direct3D and Mantle if it helps you understand. Some mentioned that it may be necessary in new games (e. g. Steam) or graphic applications. read more

Changing the default window manager

Learn how to change your default window manager or desktop. Switching window managers isn’t hard, but it’s still one of the hardest things to figure out. I’m not covering kdm or gdm here, this tuXfile teaches you how to change the default window manager if you’re using xdm or starting the X Window System manually with the startx command.

Edit a text file >

Alright, you’ve installed a really fancy new window manager and want to try it out? If you’re booting to command line and starting X manually with the startx command, you’re probably wondering how to make that new fancy window manager your default. Or, if you use xdm as your display manager, you’re probably wondering the same thing because it doesn’t provide you with any menu that lets you change your window manager. You need some other way of telling X what window manager you want to use. read more

Linux XP – a joke becoming reality?

Because this imaginary Linux distro was supposed to be a weird result of adding Windows features into Linux, I wanted to name my imaginary distro after a Microsoft OS. First, I tried the name Lindows, but when I googled it up just to be sure, there already was a real distro named like that! I had to come up with another name, so I picked Linux XP. While googling it up, the name Linux XP didn’t seem to be taken by any real distro, so I used it instead of Lindows. To be frank, I didn’t believe anyone would actually name a real distro like that. read more

Linux file systems and directories

Linux file systems and directories

Linux’s directory structure
Lost in the file system? Where are all the files? What do the weird directories contain? How is the Linux file system organized? A little overview on the most important directories on Linux.

Moving around in the Linux file system
Learn how to move from directory to another with cd, how to find out what directory you’re in with pwd, and how to list the contents of a directory with ls. You’ll also learn what are absolute and relative path names.

Creating, copying, moving, and removing directories
How to create, move and delete directories in Linux with the mkdirmv and rmdir commands. You’ll also learn how to copy a directory with its contents and how to remove a directory that is not empty. read more

Change from text login to graphical login in Linux

Change from text login to graphical login – 1.2

Learn how to start the X Window System automatically when your Linux system boots up, so you’ll have a graphical login. Or vice versa: if you’re already booting to X Windows, learn how to boot to the command line.

/etc/inittab >

Booting to X Windows, so you can have a graphical login in Linux, is a very simple thing to do. Or, disabling the X Window System from starting at bootup, so you’ll have a text login, is just as simple. Maybe your distro provides some fancy GUI tools for configuring this, but here I’ll concentrate on the fool-proof method that doesn’t need any weird config tools and thus works on any Linux distro: editing the /etc/inittab file. read more

How to Repair: DNS Probe Finished No Internet Error

DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_NO_INTERNET: Nowadays we only like to use PCs to surf the Internet, but when the Internet displays a DNS error to load a single small web page, we are so angry and while we have a fast and expensive Internet connection, the DNS error is always visible while surfing. You may have done this DNS search several times in your Google Chrome browser. So here are the final solutions to this problem, which will solve this error in no time.

In this guide, I’ll give you five useful methods you can use to fix the DNS Probe Finished No Internet Error in Google Chrome, such as cleaning the browser, changing the default DNS server, or checking the firewall to make sure it doesn’t accidentally block your browser. read more

Repair Err_Internet_Disconnected Error in Chrome

Many Windows users encounter an ERR_INTERNET_DISCONNECTED error when using the Google Chrome web browser. This error occurs with a message that says you cannot connect to the Internet. This error is usually the result of Internet connection problems.


The error is easy to understand and indicates that Chrome is unable to connect to the site. The main reason for this error is that your computer itself is not connected to the Internet. You will see the next screen in Chrome when the error “ERR_INTERNET_DISCONNECTED” is displayed. read more