Installing software from RPM packages

Learn how to install software from RPM packages in Linux. You’ll also learn how to upgrade, remove and administer the RPM packages on your system.

What is RPM >

RPM stands for Red Hat Package Manager. However, these days RPM isn’t only Red Hat specific because many other Linux distros use RPM for managing their software. For example, both Mandriva and SuSE use RPM for software management. With RPM, you can install, upgrade and uninstall software on Linux, as well as keep track of already installed RPM packages on your system. This can be done because RPM keeps a database of all software that was installed with it. read more

Running multiple X sessions

Have you ever wanted to run two or more sessions of the X Window System at the same time? Well, it is possible! You can have multiple X sessions running on different virtual terminals.

How to start X sessions >

There are two ways to start the first X session: you either start the X Window System manually after logging in, or X starts automatically when your Linux system boots up. If your system is configured to start X automatically, you don’t have to worry about the first X session: it’s already running.

If you don’t have a graphical login, you probably start X with the startx command after logging in:
startx read more

Manipulating directories in Linux

How to create, move, and delete directories in Linux with the mkdirmv, and rmdir commands. You’ll also learn how to copy a directory recursively and how to remove a directory that is not empty.

This tuXfile teaches you how to manipulate directories in Linux. If you’d like to learn how to manipulate files, check out the Manipulating files in Linux tuXfile.

Creating directories >

Creating a new, empty directory is very easy. You use the mkdir command:
mkdir dir1

That’s it. It’s really that easy! read more

Changing the default window manager

Learn how to change your default window manager or desktop. Switching window managers isn’t hard, but it’s still one of the hardest things to figure out. I’m not covering kdm or gdm here, this tuXfile teaches you how to change the default window manager if you’re using xdm or starting the X Window System manually with the startx command.

Edit a text file >

Alright, you’ve installed a really fancy new window manager and want to try it out? If you’re booting to command line and starting X manually with the startx command, you’re probably wondering how to make that new fancy window manager your default. Or, if you use xdm as your display manager, you’re probably wondering the same thing because it doesn’t provide you with any menu that lets you change your window manager. You need some other way of telling X what window manager you want to use. read more

Linux XP – a joke becoming reality?

Because this imaginary Linux distro was supposed to be a weird result of adding Windows features into Linux, I wanted to name my imaginary distro after a Microsoft OS. First, I tried the name Lindows, but when I googled it up just to be sure, there already was a real distro named like that! I had to come up with another name, so I picked Linux XP. While googling it up, the name Linux XP didn’t seem to be taken by any real distro, so I used it instead of Lindows. To be frank, I didn’t believe anyone would actually name a real distro like that. read more

Linux file systems and directories

Linux file systems and directories

Linux’s directory structure
Lost in the file system? Where are all the files? What do the weird directories contain? How is the Linux file system organized? A little overview on the most important directories on Linux.

Moving around in the Linux file system
Learn how to move from directory to another with cd, how to find out what directory you’re in with pwd, and how to list the contents of a directory with ls. You’ll also learn what are absolute and relative path names.

Creating, copying, moving, and removing directories
How to create, move and delete directories in Linux with the mkdirmv and rmdir commands. You’ll also learn how to copy a directory with its contents and how to remove a directory that is not empty. read more

Change from text login to graphical login in Linux

Change from text login to graphical login – 1.2

Learn how to start the X Window System automatically when your Linux system boots up, so you’ll have a graphical login. Or vice versa: if you’re already booting to X Windows, learn how to boot to the command line.

/etc/inittab >

Booting to X Windows, so you can have a graphical login in Linux, is a very simple thing to do. Or, disabling the X Window System from starting at bootup, so you’ll have a text login, is just as simple. Maybe your distro provides some fancy GUI tools for configuring this, but here I’ll concentrate on the fool-proof method that doesn’t need any weird config tools and thus works on any Linux distro: editing the /etc/inittab file. read more

A folded and cut papercraft or scrapbook style heading

The September 2008 issue of Wired Magazine had a nice new headline design created by Mario Hugo. The author of the Photoshop Roadmap blog decided to turn this effect into a very detailed Photoshop tutorial.

I decided to translate it into a very ordinary and lack-lustre GIMP tutorial – simply to do my bit to push the application I want to see more artists and designers using. Basic GIMP knowledge is assumed.

Here’s the finished product shown on Photoshop Roadmap blog site:

Installing the font

First things first, get the Disco Deck font from dafont. read more

Abstract Wave Effect

Okay everyone, first off, this is converted from a Paint.net tutorial for Lipstick on the Gimper forum. So, let’s get started. Here is the final result:

Step 1

Open up a square document. Mine is 640 by 640 pixels..

Step 1

Step 2

Go to Filters>Render>Clouds>Solid Noise. In here we want to check the Randomize and and Turbulent boxes. Increase the detail level to three or four. We’ll leave the size sliders alone.

Step 2

Step 3

Now we’ll go through the same menus but choose a different option called Difference Clouds. Leave the settings alone. read more